possible risks

Possible Risks

It's always best to know the risks and potential side effects, so that you can react quickly. Here are some of the known risks and problems that may occur while using urology products.


Using any kind of catheter can lead to you developing a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).

  • Urine changes colour
  • Urine looks cloudy
  • Urine smells fishy
  • Urine contains blood
  • Bladder feels sore (cystitis)
  • Loin pain
  • Feel unwell / have a temperature

If you experience any of the above then you should consult with your GP and provide a urine sample. You may require a prescription of antibiotics. It is best if you drink plenty of water and fluids when you have a UTI.

Blocked Catheter

Your catheter may become blocked due to bleeding or infection.
How to tell if you have a blocked catheter:

  • No urine in the bag
  • Urgent feeling to pass urine
  • Bypassing (urine leaking outside of the catheter)
  • Lower abdominal discomfort

If you catheter has become blocked then you should consult your GP as it will need to be changed. As a last resort, an Accident & Emergency department in a hospital will perform this for you.

Bladder Spasm

Occassionally, your bladder may become irritated by your catheter. This will cause your baptism to contract (or spasm). Don't be alarmed, this is a very common problem.
The result of bladder spasms include:

  • Feelings of cramp or colic in your lower abdomen
  • Bypassing (urine leaking outside of the catheter)

If the spasms become a problem, consult your doctor who may be able to prescribe medication to help you.


Being constipated when you use a catheter can become a problem. A full bowel under constant strain can cause bladder spasms and bypassing (urine leaking outside of the catheter). If constipation is an issue for you, then you should consult your doctor who may be able to prescribe medication to help you.

Bladder Washouts

If you find that your catheter gets blocked quite a lot, then you may need to use a catheter maintenance solution (known as a bladder washout). Catheter maintenance solutions prevent blockages in your catheter, which reduces the amount of times you need to have your catheter changed.
Speak to your doctor or nurse who will help you work out the ideal plan for you.