Ostomy surgery is where an opening is made in the intestinal or urinary tract, so that it is easier to remove waste materials from the body.
During the surgery, a portion of the large or small intestine or Urinary Tract is brought to the skin surface and turned back on itself, like the cuff of a shirt. This creates an opening on the abdomen called stoma. The body then passes waste through the stoma, bypassing the diseased, or removed parts of the intestines. A pouch is worn directly on the body to collect the waste
Each year, there are more than 100,000 patients needing this procedure.
The common causes of ostomy surgery are:
Colostomy – Stoma made in the colon or large intestine.
Ileostomy – Stoma made in the ileum or small intestine.
Urostomy - A urinary diversion created to bypass a diseased or removed portion of the urinary tract.
After surgery, you will notice a few changes to the way waste is removed from your body.
A stoma is a natural, or surgically created opening which exposes an inner portion of the body to the exterior. A stoma does not have nerve endings to transmit pain, so it doesn't hurt to touch it.
It is rich in blood vessels though, so it may bleed slightly if rubbed or irritated.
The location of the stoma depends on what kind of surgery you have.