A Urostomy, or urinary diversion, is created to bypass a diseased or removed portion of the urinary tract (see below) and allows urine to pass directly out of the body. Urine flows continually from a urostomy, as the kidneys are constantly producing it. This means that you no longer have control over urine flow.
If you have a urostomy, then you should drink plenty of fluids and keep an eye out for changes in the colour or odour of your urine.
The Urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. People are usually born with 2 kidneys, small bean-shaped organs located just below your ribs and toward the back of your body. These produce urine by filtering the water and harmful waste from your blood.
Urine drains from your kidneys through two small tubes – the ureters – into your bladder.
When you are ready to urninate, the urethra releases, allowing urine to flow through and pass out of your body.
This is the most common ureterostomy, which is when the bladder is removed. A tiny part of the small intestine (ileum) is surgically removed and used as a conduit. The two ureters carry urine from the kidneys are attached so that they will empty through the new conduit.
The other end of the ileal conduit is brought out, through the abdominal wall and a stoma is created.